Insights Past Issues
- Client AlertSeptember 28, 2020
In 2015, the Second Circuit Court of Appeals issued an opinion finding that, under the doctrine of federal preemption, a non-bank assignee of a bank loan could not charge and collect the rates and fees that the bank could charge and was therefore subject to state law usury limits.
- ArticleThe Banking Law JournalSeptember 2020
The Ofﬁce of the Comptroller of the Currency recently issued its ﬁnal rule codifying as a regulation that the interest charged on loans that is permissible before the loan is transferred remains in effect after the loan is transferred.
- Client AlertAugust 18, 2020
The parties to the closely watched litigation by the Attorney General of Colorado as Administrator of the Colorado Uniform Consumer Credit Code against two marketplace lending platforms have agreed to settle the litigation.
- NewsJuly 2020
On July 22, Online Lending Policy Institute hosted a conversation covering the new FDIC rule issued on June 25 which adopts the common law doctrine of “valid when made” as well as other topics related to fintech.
- ArticleJournal of Taxation of Financial ProductsJuly 2020
The CARES Act, which was enacted to support individuals and businesses affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, provides that borrowers experiencing financial hardship due to the national emergency declared by the President, may request and obtain forbearance on certain federally backed mortgage loans.
- Client AlertJuly 24, 2020
The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation have been quite active in issuing or proposing new regulations and initiatives focused on financial technology and innovation in financial services.
- InterviewJune 2020
On June 11, the Online Lending Policy Institute hosted a conversation covering the expansive advance notice of proposed rulemaking in the fintech space.
- Client AlertJune 1, 2020
On May 29, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency issued its final rule codifying as a regulation that the interest charged on loans that is permissible before the loan is transferred remains in effect after the loan is transferred.
- Client AlertFederal Banking Regulators Modify the Liquidity Coverage Ratio for Banks Participating in the Money Market Mutual Fund Liquidity Facility and the Paycheck Protection Program Liquidity FacilityMay 6, 2020
On May 5, federal banking regulators adopted an interim final rule that neutralizes the liquidity coverage ratio impact for banks participating in the Federal Reserve’s Money Market Mutual Fund Liquidity Facility and the Paycheck Protection Program Liquidity Facility.
- Client AlertApril 16, 2020
On April 13, the IRS released Revenue Procedure 2020-26, which provides that forbearances and related modifications of certain mortgage loans will not be treated as replacing the unmodified loan with a newly issued loan for purposes of the REMIC and grantor trust qualification tests (and related REMIC-related taxes).
- Client AlertApril 9, 2020
On April 9, 2020, the Federal Reserve released a revised term sheet for TALF 2020 that, among other things, broadens the range of assets that qualify as eligible collateral under the program.
- Client AlertMarch 27, 2020
H.R. 748 better known as the CARES Act or more informally as the $2 trillion stimulus bill signed by President Trump on March 27, 2020, contains one important provision for all consumer lenders and another two provisions related to federally-backed mortgage loans.
- Client AlertMarch 19, 2020
On March 17, the Federal Reserve Board announced the establishment of two emergency funding facilities that closely mirror facilities established in 2008 during the last financial crisis in providing liquidity to both short and long term funding markets.
- Client AlertJuly 16, 2019
On July 16, in an open meeting of the FDIC Board of Directors a memorandum and resolution regarding a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking on a Proposed Amendment to Securitization Safe Harbor Rule was passed.
- ArticleReal Estate Finance JournalSpring 2019
Having failed in attempts to accelerate the termination of a CDO, an investor group holding senior notes filed an involuntary petition against an issuer to liquidate the CDO before its stated maturity under the U.S. Bankruptcy Code.
- ArticleFederal Banking Regulators Propose New Bank Holding Company Category System to Apply to Capital and Liquidity Requirements and to Enhanced Prudential StandardsThe Banking Law JournalMarch 2019
This article outlines the features of proposals to adjust the applicability of certain capital and liquidity tests and certain enhanced prudential standards for bank holding companies.
- Client AlertDecember 11, 2018
The state of Colorado initiated two lawsuits against online lending platforms. The suits alleged that the platforms had violated the state’s Uniform Consumer Credit Code by charging interest and some fees in excess of those allowed under Colorado law and that the consumer loan agreements utilized a non-Colorado governing law provision, also in violation of the law.
- Client AlertNovember 1, 2018
On September 30, the Governor of California signed into law Senate Bill No. 1235, which amends the California Financing Law (previously known as the Finance Lenders Law) to impose new disclosure requirements on licensed commercial lenders and brokers including for online lending programs doing business in California.
- Client AlertFederal Banking Regulators Issue Interim Final Rule on Treatment of Certain Municipal Obligations as HQLASeptember 11, 2018
On August 22, the three federal banking agencies issued an interim final rule implementing the May 2018 banking law’s requirement that investment grade, liquid and readily marketable municipal obligations be treated as Level 2B “high quality liquid assets” under the liquidity coverage ratio rule.
- Client AlertJuly 9, 2018
On June 14, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System issued a final rule that establishes credit limits for single counterparties of US bank holding companies and foreign banking organizations with $250 billion or more in assets, and US intermediate holding companies of covered FBOs with $50 billion or more of consolidated assets.
- Client AlertBasel Committee Issues Simple, Transparent and Comparable Securitisation Framework for Short-Term SecuritisationsMay 17, 2018
On May 14, the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision issued two documents entitled “Criteria for Identifying Simple, Transparent and Comparable Short-Term Securitisations” and “Capital Treatment for Simple, Transparent and Comparable Short-Term Securitisations.”
- Client AlertBasel Committee Issues Simple, Transparent and Comparable Securitisation Framework for Short-Term SecuritisationsMay 14, 2018
Today, the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision issued two documents entitled “Criteria for Identifying Simple, Transparent and Comparable Short-Term Securitisations” and “Capital Treatment for Simple, Transparent and Comparable Short-Term Securitisations.”
- White PaperMarch 2018
Chapman’s "Defaulted Securities: The Guide for Trustees and Bondholders" advances understanding and consideration of issues related to trustees and bondholders in both corporate and municipal financings.
- ArticleJournal of Taxation of Financial ProductsMarch 2018
This article describes the impact of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act on securitization transactions. The article addresses in detail the new limitation on the deduction for business interest expense as well as the requirement that the transferee of an equity interest in a partnership engaged in a US trade or business withhold 10% of the amount realized unless the transferor certifies that it is a US person.
- Client AlertDC Circuit Court of Appeals Holds That Open Market CLO Managers Do Not Have to Comply With Dodd-Frank Risk Retention RequirementsFebruary 9, 2018
The US Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit recently issued a decision in a case that involved a question of whether the risk retention requirements imposed by Section 941 of the Dodd-Frank Act required open market CLO managers to retain risk in those transactions they managed.
- Client AlertDecember 21, 2017
On December 20, Congress passed the act commonly referred to as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017. Although no provision of the Act was designed specifically to address securitization transactions, two new sets of rules are likely to have significant effects on at least some securitization transactions
- Client AlertNovember 3, 2017
On November 2, Representative Kevin Brady released the proposed text of the long-awaited federal income tax reform bill. The bill also includes a provision that creates a limit on the deductibility of interest. If enacted, this provision could have potentially wide-reaching impacts on securitization transactions.
- ArticleBasel Committee Proposes Simple, Transparent and Comparable Securitisation Framework for Short-Term SecuritisationsPratt's Journal of Bankruptcy LawOctober 2017 (Originally Published July 27, 2017)
On July 6, 2017, the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision issued two consultative documents entitled “Criteria for Identifying Simple, Transparent and Comparable Short-Term Securitisations” and “Capital Treatment for Simple, Transparent and Comparable Short-Term Securitisations.”
- White PaperAugust 2017
Keeping track of the regulatory developments affecting asset-backed commercial paper (“ABCP”) conduits and their sponsors is a daunting task. This updated desk reference reviews regulatory and legislative developments affecting the ABCP market.
- Client AlertJune 14, 2017
On June 12, the Department of Treasury issued the first report in a series regarding regulation of the financial system in a manner consistent with Core Principles set forth in Executive Order 13772 signed by President Trump on February 3, 2017.
- ArticleThe Banking Law JournalMay 2017
The May 2015 decision of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit in Madden v. Midland Funding, LLC sent shockwaves through the marketplace lending industry, and nearly two years later the questions generated by this case remain largely unanswered. These questions have been further complicated by the long-awaited remand decision from the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York.
- Client AlertMay 2, 2017
On April 19, the House Financial Services Committee posted a “discussion draft” of a revised version of the CHOICE Act. The discussion draft contains most of the provisions in last year’s bill with a number of important changes.
- Client AlertFebruary 28, 2017
On February 27, the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York issued its long-awaited remand decision in Madden v. Midland Funding, LLC.
- Client AlertFebruary 10, 2017
The Supplemental Examination Procedures for Risk Management of Third-Party Relationships issued by the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency on January 24 establish detailed compliance obligations for relationships with third-party service providers.
- To the Point!Legal, Operations, and Strategy Briefs for Financial InstitutionsFebruary 7, 2017
In this edition:
- Mortgage Servicing Foreclosure Practices
- OCC Semiannual Risk Perspective
- ArticleFinancial CHOICE Act (H.R. 5983) as Guide to Possible Financial Regulatory Reform, Including “Dodd-Frank Repeal”Pratt's Journal of Bankruptcy LawFebruary/March 2017
With Republicans retaining control of both chambers of Congress and Donald Trump elected President, the prospects for financial regulatory reform have changed. Many observers point to the Financial CHOICE Act as the best indication of Republican Congressional aspirations for such reform.
- ArticleIllinois BankerNovember/December 2016
Considering the flurry of activity in the fintech arena, is there a place for banks and, if so, what role can banks play? Given that marketplace lending is the most developed form of fintech today, it can be analyzed to see how banks do play important roles and employ different strategies dealing with this emerging market segment.
- To the Point!Legal, Operations, and Strategy Briefs for Financial InstitutionsDecember 6, 2016
On Friday, Comptroller of the Currency Thomas Curry announced that the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency will issue limited-purpose bank charters to qualified fintech companies.
- To the Point!Legal, Operations, and Strategy Briefs for Financial InstitutionsNovember 29, 2016
In this edition:
- Deposit Insurance Determination Rule
- FFIEC Revises Its Consumer Compliance Rating System
- ArticleLending TimesJuly 25, 2016 (Originally Published July 22, 2016)
A recent decision of the Maryland Court of Appeals could require marketplace lenders and others who arrange for federal or state banks to fund consumer loans to consumers residing in Maryland to obtain licenses as “credit services businesses” and could prohibit them from arranging those loans at interest rates exceeding the applicable Maryland usury caps.
- ArticleAIRA JournalJune 2016
This article discussed leveraged lending guidelines, unitranche facilities and the risks associated with unitranche facilities, including with respect to “agreements among lenders” as illustrated by the recent case of In re Radio Shack Corporation.
- Client AlertMay 16, 2016
On May 10, 2016 the U.S. Department of the Treasury published a white paper entitled “Opportunities and Challenges in Online Marketplace Lending.” The White Paper follows the “Request for Information” which the Department published in July 2015 to solicit public input on various topics concerning marketplace lending.
- ArticleFDIC Emphasizes Corporate Leadership to Address the Key Risk Management Issues Raised by Cybersecurity and Marketplace LendingPratt's Privacy & Cybersecurity Law ReportMay 2016 (Originally Published February 3, 2016)
Pratt's Privacy & Cybersecurity Law Report republished a special edition of Chapman's To the Point! newsletter.
- To the Point!Legal, Operations, and Strategy Briefs for Financial InstitutionsApril 19, 2016
In this edition:
- Recent Action by the OCC of Special Concern for Directors, Senior Managers, and Compliance Officers
- FDIC Provides Additional Guidance on Corporate Governance
- To the Point!Legal, Operations, and Strategy Briefs for Financial InstitutionsMarch 23, 2016
In this edition:
- Use of Property Evaluations
- A Bank Customer’s Guide to Cybersecurity
- Certain Prepaid Cardholders Treated as Customers for CIP Requirements
- Client AlertMarch 21, 2016
On Friday, March 18, 2016, the United States Supreme Court issued a call for the views of the Solicitor General of the United States before it decides whether to hear an appeal from a Second Circuit Court of Appeals decision rendered last May in the case of Madden v. Midland Funding, LLC.
- To the Point!Legal, Operations, and Strategy Briefs for Financial InstitutionsMarch 10, 2016
On March 7, the CFPB announced that it is accepting consumer complaints about online marketplace lenders, giving consumers “a greater voice in these markets and a place to turn to when they encounter problems.” The CFPB also issued a bulletin to provide consumers with information on marketplace lending.
- Client AlertThe Next Compliance Hurdle under Regulation AB II: Annual Compliance Checks to Determine Continued Shelf EligibilityClient AlertFebruary 23, 2016
In this article, we provide a brief overview of the key reforms under Regulation AB II, followed by a more focused review of the next compliance hurdle that ABS issuers will face — annual compliance checks to determine continued shelf eligibility.
- ArticleLaw360February 8, 2016 (Originally Published February 1, 2016)
Law360 republished a Chapman Client Alert.
- Client AlertFebruary 1, 2016
A recent decision of the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania has highlighted once again the regulatory risks that the so-called “true lender” doctrine can create for internet-based lenders who partner with banks to establish exemptions from applicable state consumer protection laws.
- Client AlertOCC Anticipates Nearly Half of Outstanding HELOCs Will Reach End-of-Draw Period between 2015 and 2017Client AlertJanuary 2016 (Originally Published August 11, 2015)
The Banking Law Journal republished a Chapman Client Alert.
- Client AlertNovember 9, 2015
A recent decision of the Maryland Court of Special Appeals could impact marketplace and other lenders who arrange for federal or state banks to fund consumer loans in Maryland at rates in excess of the applicable Maryland usury caps.
- To the Point!Legal, Operations, and Strategy Briefs for Financial InstitutionsSeptember 23, 2015
In this edition:
- CFPB Guidance on Private Mortgage Insurance Cancellation
- FDIC Announces Settlement with Credit Card Issuer Related to the Sale of Add-On Products
- Servicemember Updates
- Eleventh Circuit Rules on Applicability of FDCPA to Bank
- ArticleFederal Court Decision Creates Uncertainty for Non-Bank Loan Assignees and Certain Marketplace Lenders Regarding the Scope of Federal Preemption of State Usury LawsThe Banking Law JournalSeptember 2015 (Originally Published June 3, 2015)
The Banking Law Journal republished a Chapman Client Alert.
- Client AlertAugust 13, 2015
In the case of Madden v. Midland Funding, LLC, the Second Circuit narrowly interpreted the scope of federal preemption of state usury laws under the National Bank Act as such laws apply to certain non‑bank loan assignees.
- To the Point!Legal, Operations, and Strategy Briefs for Financial InstitutionsJuly 29, 2015
In this edition:
- Telephone Consumer Protection Act Declaratory Ruling
- CFPB First Monthly Complaint Report
- Treasury Department Inquires about Marketplace Lending
- Chapman InsightsChapman InsightsJune 30, 2015
The purpose of this article is to provide a general overview of how royalty-backed securitizations work and to encourage further use of royalty-backed securities by leaders in the music, business, and financial industries.
- To the Point!Legal, Operations, and Strategy Briefs for Financial InstitutionsMay 8, 2015
In this edition:
- U.S. Supreme Court Will Not Hear CashCall Case – Uncertainty for Marketplace Lenders?
- FinCEN Current Priorities
- Guidance on Youth Savings Programs
- Overdraft Update – CFPB Enforcement Action
- To the Point!January 13, 2015
In this edition:
- Student Loan Servicing—Unfair or Deceptive Acts or Practices
- OCC Revises Its Truth in Lending Handbook
- FFIEC Releases Revised BSA/AML Examination Manual
- NACHA Same-Day ACH Processing Proposal
- To the Point!November 5, 2014
In this issue:
- Qualified Mortgage Points and Fees Cure
- Posting Privacy Notices Online
- National Survey of Unbanked and Underbanked Households
- White PaperOctober 23, 2014
In September 2014, the U.S. banking agencies adopted final rules implementing a liquidity coverage ratio requirement that will test a bank's ability to withstand "liquidity stress periods." In collaboration with the Structured Finance Industry Group (SFIG), Chapman attorneys authored a guide summarizing elements of the final rule that have the greatest impact on the securitization market.
- Chapman InsightsSeptember 10, 2014
In August 2014, the SEC adopted final rules under Regulation AB that substantially revise the offering process, disclosure and reporting requirements for offerings of ABS. More than four years after the SEC originally published its comprehensive "Regulation AB II" rule proposals, and after two partial re-proposals in 2011 and 2014, the final rules implement several key areas of reform but defer action on other significant aspects of the original proposals.
- Chapman InsightsSeptember 10, 2014
On September 3, 2014, the US banking agencies adopted final rules implementing a liquidity coverage ratio (LCR) requirement that will test a bank's ability to withstand liquidity stress periods. The specific objective of the LCR rules is to ensure that a bank has enough high quality liquid assets (referred to as HQLA) that can be immediately converted into cash to meet its liquidity needs for a 30-day stress period.
- Client AlertCommodity Pool Regulation of Securitization Vehicles – CFTC Staff Expands Prior Relief and Provides Broad Exclusion from Commodity Pool Definition; Also Provides No Action Relief for Legacy Transactions and Extension of CPO Registration Deadline to MarchChapman Clint AlertDecember 21, 2012
By letter dated December 7, 2012, the Division of Swap Dealer and Intermediary Oversight of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission released interpretive guidance significantly expanding the scope of its October 11, 2012 interpretive letter. The October 11 Letter confirmed that securitization vehicles that satisfy five criteria, including a requirement that they operate consistent with either Regulation AB or Rule 3a-7 under the Investment Company Act of 1940, should not be “commodity pools” as a result of holding a swap nor should their operators be required to register as “commodity pool operators” under the Commodity Exchange Act and CFTC rules.
- Client AlertCFTC Staff Confirms that Certain Securitizations are Not Commodity Pools and Extends Registration Deadline for Certain Commodity PoolsClient AlertOctober 19, 2012
By letter dated October 11, 2012, the Division of Swap Dealer and Intermediary Oversight of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission 1 released interpretive guidance confirming that certain securitization vehicles should not be included within the definition of “commodity pool” and that operators of such vehicles should not be included within the definition of “commodity pool operator” under the Commodity Exchange Act and CFTC rules. Separately, in a no-action letter dated October 11, 2012, the Division conditionally extended the deadline for registration as a commodity pool operator from October 12, 2012 to December 31, 2012 for vehicles that are commodity pools solely by virtue of their involvement with swaps.