On July 21, 2010, President Obama signed into law The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act. The Dodd-Frank Act makes significant changes to the existing financial services legal framework, affecting nearly every aspect of the industry. This summary highlights many of the provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act that matter most to the asset management industry—investments advisers, broker- dealers, registered investment companies, hedge funds, private equity funds and other alternative investment funds. Many of the issues discussed in this summary will remain in a constant state of flux and subject to extensive rulemaking efforts well past July 2011 when many rulemaking requirements were due. In reality, very few of the rulemaking efforts required by the Dodd-Frank Act have been completed and regulators have not met many of the Dodd-Frank deadlines.